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    Thursday, May 30, 4:00 PM
    The concept of a World Cup Soccer Championship was conceived 
    by two Frenchmen, Jules Rimet, the president of FIFA, and Henri
    Delaunay, its General Secretary. 
    Following the 1928 Olympics, it was decided that the World Cup
    Finals would be staged every four years between the Olympics.
    The choice of venues roated between Europe and South America.
    The 2002 tournament will be the first held outside those
    continents in Japan/South Korea. The original FIFA Trophy
    was named the Jules Rimet Cup, after its president. There have
    been 16 World Cup Tournaments played between 1930-1998. 
    1930 Uruguay 
    Champion -- Uruguay 
    The inaugural World Cup Tournament was held in Uruguay and
    featured 13 nations, including seven from South America.
    European nations objected heavily after being overlooked 
    as hosts and did not enter any of its main powers. The two
    semifinal matches featured Argentina against the United States
    and Uruguay against Yugoslavia. Argentina and Uruguay humiliated
    their opponents, winning by identical scores of 6-1 and setting
    up a South American final. At the Centenario Stadium in
    Montevideo, Uruguay took the lead after 10 minutes on a goal 
    by Pablo Dorado before Peucelle and Guillermo Stabile gave
    Argentina a 2-1 lead going into intermission. In the second
    half, Uruguay dazzled the 80,000 spectators with goals from
    Pedro Cea, Santos Iriarte and Manco Castroto to defeat
    Argentina, 4-2, and win the first-ever World Cup. Guillermo
    Stabile of Argentina was the tournament's leading scorer with
    eight goals. 
    1934 Italy 
    Champion -- Italy 
    In its second edition, the World Cup had become a worldwide
    event. Thirty-two of FIFA's 50 affiliated member nations took
    part in the qualification rounds, with 16 gaining berths to the
    Finals.  In the semis, Italy defeated Austria's famed
    "Wunderteam", 1-0, and Czechoslovakia downed Germany, 3-1. In
    the Finals in Rome, Laslo Puc gave the Czechs an early one goal
    lead but Raimondo Orsi scored with eight minutes left to send
    the match into overtime. Angelo Schiavo's goal nine minutes into
    overtime gave Italy and Europe its first World Cup title. 
    Czechoslovakia's Oldrich Nejedly was the tournament's leading
    scorer with five goals and Schiavo was second with four. 
    1938 France 
    Champion -- Italy 
    For the first time ever, the host nation France and defending
    champion Italy were automatic entrants into the Finals. Italy
    went into the tournament as the heavy favorite after winning
    both the World and Olympic championships.  At the Prince's Park
    Stadium in Paris, Italy got two goals each from Gino Colaussi
    and Silvio Piola to record a 4-2 triumph over Hungary in the
    Finals and retain the World Cup. Italy's head coach, Vittorio
    Pozzo, is revered as a master innovator of tactics and his team
    is lauded for its unselfish play. The tournament's leading
    scorer was Leonidas da Silva of Brazil, who had seven goals. 
    1950 Brazil 
    Champion -- Uruguay 
    After a 12-year interruption following World War II, the Finals
    went back to South America. Brazil was awarded the reopening of
    the competition and built a new 200,000-seat stadium in Rio de
    Janiero called Maracana. Brazil entered the tournament as the
    heavy favorite.  For the first time ever, the four British
    Federations participated in the qualifiers, with England being
    the lone representative to advance to the Finals.  The greatest
    upset in international soccer history took place in the opening
    round.  The United States, on a goal by Larry Gaetjens, scored a
    shocking 1-0 victory over England.  Brazil, which played
    magnificently throughout the opening round, went into the Final
    needing only a draw in the round robin tournament to win the
    title.  However, Uruguay, playing a European brand of soccer,
    got second half goals from Juan Jose Schiaffino and Alcide
    Ghiggia to defeat their South American rivals, 2-1, and reclaim
    the World Cup title.  Ademir of Brazil was the leading scorer
    with nine goals.  Brazil's head coach, Flavio Costa, had to be
    hidden by police to avoid the fans' vengeance. 
    1954 Switzerland 
    Champion -- West Germany
    The fifth edition of FIFA's World Cup witnessed the beginning of
    live television broadcasting of matches.  FIFA had now reached a
    membership of 80 affiliated nations of which 36 participated in
    the preliminary rounds. Hungary's "Magnificent Magyars" were
    considered the finest team of its time. However, it was West
    Germany, rebounding from a stinging 8-3 opening round loss to
    Hungary, which would emerge as World Cup champion. Ferenc Puskas
    and Zoltan Csibor gave Hungary an early two goal lead before Max
    Morlock and Helmut Rahn produced goals in an eight-minute span
    to tie the score at 2-2.  With five minutes remaining, Rahn
    scored the winner, giving West Germany a 3-2 victory and its
    first World Cup title.  Hungarian soccer has still not never
    recovered from the devastating defeat.  Sandor Kocsis of Hungary
    had 11 goals to lead all players.  His mark is the second best
    of all-time. 
    1958 Sweden 
    Champion -- Brazil 
    A new era began in World Cup soccer as 17-year-old Edson Arantes
    de Nascimento, who played under the name Pele, burst onto the
    world scene to lead Brazil to its first World Cup triumph. In
    the Final, Brazil defeated host nation Sweden, 5-2, with Pele
    and Vava scoring two goals apiece.  Brazil, led by the trio of
    Pele, Didi and Garricha, is generally considered as the greatest
    team ever to take part in World Cup competition. Just Fontaine
    of France was the tournament's leading scorer with 13 goals, a
    record that still stands. Pele had six goals. 
    1962 Chile 
    Champion -- Brazil 
    After a 12-year abscence, the World Cup returned to South
    America with Chile as the host.  In a World Cup Tournament which
    saw tight defensive play, Brazil went on to win its second
    straight title.  Pele was injured in the opening round against
    Mexico and had to sit out the Final against Czechoslovakia.
    Josef Masopust gave Czechoslovakia an early lead but goals by
    Amarildo, Zito and Vava lifted the superb Brazilians to a 3-1
    victory and their second straight World Cup crown.  Brazil
    joined Italy as the only two nations to repeat as champions. 
    Garricha and Vava were among five other players to score four
    goals apiece. 
    1966 England 
    Champion -- England 
    In the Final, England scored a hard-fought 4-2 overtime victory
    over West Germany at Wembley Stadium, with Geoff Hurst scoring
    the first-ever World Cup Final hat trick.  However, the dramatic
    match was marred by controversy.  With the score tied at 2-2 in
    overtime, Hurst blasted a shot against the underside of the
    crossbar sending the ball bouncing along the goalline. Germany's
    defense cleared the ball away for a corner kick.  The referee
    after consulting with the linesman, ruled it a goal, giving
    England its first and only World Cup Trophy. Years later, the
    German weekly Kicker recontructed the sequence with photographs
    showing that the shot in dispute should not have been ruled a
    goal.  Portugal and West Germany presented to the world two of
    the greatest players ever to appear in the Finals. The brilliant
    Eusebio scored nine goals as the tournament's leading scorer,
    helping Portugal to a third place finish.  West Germany showed
    off its young genius, Franz Beckenbauer. 
    1970 Mexico 
    Champion -- Brazil 
    Considered by many to be the greatest World Cup competition
    ever, the Final was a classic matchup of South America's Brazil
    against Europe's Italy.  Brazil cruised into the Finals going
    5-0-0.  Italy defeated West Germany, 4-3, in overtime in the
    semifinals.  In the epic Final, Brazil won, 4-1.  Pele, Gerson
    and Jairzinho scored but it was Carlos Alberto's magnificent
    goal from the top of the box that sealed it for Brazil.  Brazil
    had become the first three-time World Cup champion and retired
    the Jules Rimet Cup.  It would be Pele's last international
    match and he became the only player to be crowned three-time
    champion. Gerd Muller, "Der Bomber" of West Germany, led all
    scorers with nine goals. 
    1974 West Germany 
    Champion -- West Germany
    The 1974 World Cup saw FIFA elect its new president,
    Brazilian-born Joao Havelange. Two of the most talented teams
    ever assembled reached the Finals. Holland was led by the top
    performer of the 1970s, Johan Cruyff, and West Germany had its
    elegant sweeper, Franz Beckenbauer. Holland and West Germany met
    in the Final at the Munich Olympic Stadium. After an exchange of
    penalty kick goals by Johan Neeskens of Holland and Paul
    Breitner of West Germany, Gerd Muller struck with two minutes
    remaining in the half from short range to give West Germany a
    2-1 triumph and its second World Cup Title.  Poland's Grzegorz
    Lato was the leading scorer with seven goals. 
    1978 Argentina 
    Champion -- Argentina 
    Once again, Holland would reach the Final and would fall short
    of becoming World Cup champion.  After 90 minutes of play, the
    teams were tied at 1-1.  In overtime, Mario Kempes scored his
    second goal of the game, to put Argentina ahead.  Daniel Bertoni
    sealed the victory with six minutes left as he scored to give
    Argentina a 3-1 win and its first-ever World Cup.  Kempes had
    six goals in the competition to become the first player to be a
    world champion and the top scorer in the same tournament. 
    1982 Spain 
    Champion -- Italy 
    The Finals had now modified to a foramt of 24 teams.  A single
    name graced the world in 1982, Paolo Rossi. In the 1978 Finals,
    the Argentine press dubbed him "Pablito Mundial" for his fine
    all-around play.  In Spain, he was known as the Golden Boy.
    Rossi led Italy to its third World Cup title by scoring three
    goals in a dramatic 3-2 second round victory over heavily
    favored Brazil. In the semis, Italy defeated Poland, 2-0, with
    both goals coming from Rossi.  In the Final in fron of 90,000
    spectators in the stands of the Bernabeu Stadium in Madrid,
    Italy defeated West Germany, 3-1.  Rossi, Marco Tardelli and
    Alessandro Altobelli scored second half goals.  At 40 years of
    age, Italy's Dino Zoff became the oldest player to win the World
    Cup.  Rossi led all scorers with six goals for the tournament.
    Italy joined Brazil as the only three-time champions.  The Final
    was watched on television by 2.5 billion fans. 
    1986 Mexico 
    Champion -- Argentina 
    Superstar Diego Maradona led Argentina to its second World Cup
    title with a dramatic 3-2 win over West Germany.  With West
    Germany trailing, 2-0, Karl Heinz Rummenigge and Rudi Voeller
    scored in an eight-minute span to tie the game.  However, with
    six minutes left, Jose Burruchaga received a brilliant pass from
    Maradona and scored Argentina's winning goal for a 3-2 win. 
    Maradona was crowned world champion in the same Aztec Stadium
    where Pele played his last international match.  The tournament
    was remembered for Argentina's 2-1 victory over England in the
    second round.  Maradona scored both goals and the first one went
    down in history as the "Hand of God" goal. Maradona, looking to
    reach up to a cross in the box, jumped past England's goalkeeper
    Peter Shilton and punched in the match's first goal with his
    left hand.  Gary Lineker of England was the top scorer with six
    1990 Italy 
    Champion -- Germany 
    A penalty kick goal by Andreas Brehme produced the only score
    and was the margin of victory for Germany.  The Germans won
    their third World Cup Championship and set a record for being 
    a finalist six times.  Argentina played without four of its 
    key players who accumulated red cards in the semifinals against 
    Italy.  The United States made its first appearance in the Finals 
    since 1950 and lost all three of its first round matches.  The 
    52 games set an all-time attendance record of 2,510,686 spectators.
    Salvatore "Toto" Schillaci became the hero of the tournament, 
    scoring six goals in leading Italy to a third place finish. 
    1994 USA 
    Champion -- Brazil
    Brazil became the first four-time champion in World Cup history,
    defeating Italy in the first-ever World Cup final decided by
    penalty kicks.  After a scoreless tie in regulation and
    overtime, Brazil won on penalty kicks, 3-2, as Roberto Baggio
    sent Italy's final shot over the crossbar.  Brazilian striker
    Romario earned the "Golden Ball Award" as the tournament's Most
    Valuable Player and Russia's Oleg Salenko and Bulgaria's Hristo
    Stoichkov shared scoring honors with six goals each.  Salenko
    set a single-game World Cup record with five goals in an
    opening-round win over Cameroon.  Bulgaria knocked off Argentina
    and Germany before losing to Sweden in the third-place game. 
    The United States upset Colombia in the opening round and
    advanced to the second round for the first time in 44 years
    before losing to Brazil, 1-0.  Colombian defender Andres
    Escobar, whose "own goal" contributed to his country's loss to
    the United States and early dismisal, was later murdered in
    Medellin, Colombia.  Argentine superstar Diego Maradona returned
    to international play and was expelled from the World Cup after
    two games for testing positive for banned substances.  The
    52-game attendance of 3,567,415 shattered the all-time record
    set just four years earlier in Italy. 
    1998 France 
    Champion -- France
    Two first-half goals by midfield maestro Zinedine Zidane and a 
    late Emmanuel Petit marker gave France a resounding 3-0 victory
    over four-time champion Brazil at the state-of-the-art Stade de
    France stadium in Paris.  Zidane was by far the best player in
    the tournament as France went 7-0 to win its first World Cup
    trophy.  France was the first host to win the World Cup on home
    soil since Argentina 20 years earlier in 1978.  It was the eighth
    final contested between European and South American nations.  
    Brazil played in five, winning four.  The final did not start
    without some controversy when Brazilian striker Ronaldo was 
    initially not on the starting lineup but was put on prior to 
    the match.  He was not a factor in the game.
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